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Horticultural plants and their botanical names

Horticultural plants and their botanical names



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It's often asked why plants have difficult to remember Latin names when their common name is far easier to recall. Even the term 'Latin name' isn't strictly correct as many plant names are derived from other languages, including Greek and native ancient languages. Although whatever the origin of the name they are treated as Latin. The less confusing term for these long-winded names is botanical or scientific name. Common names can often give a clue to what the plant has been used for in the past. For example Lesser Celandine has small white bulbs, which look like piles, hence its other common name of pilewort.

Content:
  • The Royal Horticultural Society encyclopedia of herbs & their uses.
  • 120 Botanical Baby Names
  • 031-Botanical Latin 101: The Non-Geek’s Guide to the Language of Plants
  • Follow the author
  • Oh la la! Plants With Suggestive Names
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  • Caveat: Common Plant Names
  • Importance of Botanical Plant Names
  • Welcome to Botanary, the Botanical Dictionary
  • Flower Show Prep: Latin Names for Plants
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Flowers and their botanical names

The Royal Horticultural Society encyclopedia of herbs & their uses.

Copyright , National Gardening Association. All Rights Reserved. An easy way to remember these terms is to note that genus refers to the "generic" name, and species refers to the "specific" name.

A genus is a group of related plants. The similarity among members of a genus may or may not be obvious. But taxonomists have determined that, due to certain features, these plants are related and thus classify them in the same genus. Genus names are often derived from Latin or Greek words, mythological figures, or plant characteristics. The species name is the basic unit of classification. It describes one kind of plant within the genus, and is almost always an adjective.

By itself, the species name is meaningless. For example, Digitalis purpurea is the botanical name for foxglove, while Echinacea purpurea is the name for purple coneflower. The species name, purpurea, indicates only that some part of the plant is purple; by itself it gives no clue to the identity of the plant.

Just what criteria are used to separate out individual species? This is a difficult question to answer precisely. Generally speaking, a species is a type of plant having certain characteristics that differentiate it from other members of the genus, and which retains these distinctions through successive generations.

Information on the thousands of plant groups and hundreds of thousands of species continues to accumulate. As a result, plant classifications are sometimes modified to reflect new information about plant relationships. In addition, it is often up to individual botanists to determine when a group of plants is different enough from others in the genus to constitute designation as a unique species. So, which type of brassica does Brassica oleracea refer to? Well, the answer is "yes.

They have common ancestry in a type of wild mustard, and have been bred by horticulturists to the various forms they now have. This brings us to an important point. If plant classification of wild plants is a confusing matter, it is even more so with highly-bred, domesticated crop plants. Through careful cross-breeding and selection, horticulturists have "created" all these familiar vegetables from the same wild ancestor.

A rose by any other name? Sometimes the meaning of a Latin name is fairly obvious, e. However, there are many other not-so-obvious species names that apply to familiar plants. Knowing their meaning can help you remember the name--and give you a clue about some characteristics of the plant. See the Appendix for a list of Latin words frequently used in species names. Terminology: Genus and Species.


120 Botanical Baby Names

The binomial system is a method of naming plants which has two parts f or each plant name. The first part of the plant name relates to the genus which the plant belongs to and the second part relates to the species. Conventions: The generic name starts with an upper case letter, the specific epithet is written all in lower case letters, and the whole plant name is typed in italics or underlined if hand written. A genus is a group of plants containing one or more species, sharing a number of significant physical attributes that may or maynot be obvious. A species is a group plants within a genus , sharing many key characteristics , capable of breeding together to produce viable offspring. The naming of cultivated plants follows the conventions of the binomial system for generic and specific epithets.

Maintained by the Australian National Botanic Gardens as part of its larger APNI is a tool for the botanical community that deals with plant names and.

031-Botanical Latin 101: The Non-Geek’s Guide to the Language of Plants

When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures. Log in. Sign up. Horticultural names. Collection by Dannie Hovanec. Similar ideas popular now. Woodland Plants. Woodland Garden.

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Are you looking for a large list of botanical themed baby names? Well, recently one of the members of the HPH Facebook group started a great conversation about plant-inspired baby names - we enjoyed it so much we decided to collect a few and share them here. Okay, it's more than a few, but there are a lot of very cool plant and nature-inspired names out there, so have a peek at our list and tell us if we missed your favorite! Ainsley: A name with English and Scottish roots, Ainsley was originally a surname derived from words like anne solitary and leah woodland or clearing. Alder: This English name comes from the alder tree of the birch family, commonly found across most of Europe, Russia, and into Siberia.

Formal plant classification is a hierarchical system with many levels, but the most important of those levels for gardeners, the one we use every day, is the genus plural genera.

Oh la la! Plants With Suggestive Names

Read about the Avocado leaf roller pest and the damage it does to avocados, custard apples, coffee, tea and other crops in North Queensland and learn how to control it. Information on the Banana aphid insect pest which can spread banana bunchy top virus BBTV including description, distribution, hosts, damage and controls. Information on the Banana flower thrip insect pest, which is found throughout the banana-growing districts. Banana fruit caterpillar Tiracola plagiata , insect pest of banana and citrus, description of adult, life cycle, hosts, damage, control options, distribution. Information on the Banana rust thrip. Bananas are the main host, although the Banana rust thrip has been found in citrus and in some native plants.

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RHS Latin for Gardeners is an informative, entertaining and beautifully illustrated unravelling of the mysteries of botanical Latin. Over 3, Latin names are listed alphabetically, showing how plant names can reveal where a plant originally comes from and thus its preferred growing conditions , along with such properties as its shape, form, colour, taste, and smell. Each name is clearly defined and accompanied by a pronunciation guide, and the pages are filled with attractive botanical illustrations. Fascinating feature spreads retell the adventures of important plant hunters such as Sir Joseph Banks and Alexander von Humboldt, and explain how their discoveries affect the way our gardens look today. Individual plants are also profiled throughout, showing how their names can illuminate their hidden histories. Aided by this book the gardener can now answer the question "What's in a name? Aided by this book, every gardener, and their garden, will benefit from uncovering the wealth of information that lies within the remarkable world of Latin binomials. A little Latin can do a lot of good - apply the lore of Latin to your own garden!

Names tell a lot about a plant's shape and growing habits, that is why, gardeners and horticulturists often remember plants by their common.

Caveat: Common Plant Names

A nagging question wracked your mind when you woke up this morning. Some people think plants have Latin names because they were all named by Penelope Cruz. This is not true. They were named by Carlos Santana.

Importance of Botanical Plant Names

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The most important plant to the Hawaiian people is kalo, most commonly known as taro, because it is linked to their very existence. According to Hawaiian legend, kalo was the firstborn son of W? This hibiscus has bright orange, orange-red or yellow flowers and slightly hairy leaves and stems and short bracts. This subspecies is endemic to the island of Kaua'i and restricted to…. This beautiful member of the myrtle family earned its species name because it assumes many forms, depending upon where it grows, and ranges from towering….

That which we call a rose — By any other name would smell as sweet.

Welcome to Botanary, the Botanical Dictionary

Copyright , National Gardening Association. All Rights Reserved. An easy way to remember these terms is to note that genus refers to the "generic" name, and species refers to the "specific" name. A genus is a group of related plants. The similarity among members of a genus may or may not be obvious.But taxonomists have determined that, due to certain features, these plants are related and thus classify them in the same genus. Genus names are often derived from Latin or Greek words, mythological figures, or plant characteristics.

Flower Show Prep: Latin Names for Plants

The Plant List is a working list of all known plant species. Version 1. It does not include algae or fungi.


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